Rudolf Steiner (1861-1925) was born in the Austro-Hungarian Empire. He studied mathematics, science literature and philosophy in Vienna. He edited the scientific works of Goethe and wrote over 30 books. Steiner’s doctoral dissertation examined Fichte’s theory of knowledge. This dissertation was the basis of his book Truth and Science.
He later published The Philosophy of Freedom, which Steiner regarded as his most important philosophical work.
Steiner, through his spiritual experiences, contributed to areas such as science, medicine, education, agriculture, social sciences, architecture, and art. Steiner called this science of spirit Anthroposophy, meaning “wisdom of the human being.” Anthroposophy is non-denominational and enhances many aspects of Buddhism, Christianity, Judaism, Islam and other traditions.
Rudolf Steiner initiated Steiner/Waldorf education, bio-dynamic farming and gardening, an approach to the care and education of the handicapped, anthroposophical medical work and an art of movement called eurythmy.